Collagraphy is a process in which materials are applied to a rigid substrate such as mount board or wood. Ink or pigment is applied to the resulting collage and the board is used to print onto paper or other substrates using either a printing press or hand burnishing. The resulting print is termed a collagraph.
Substances such as carborundum, acrylic mediums, sandpapers, bubble wrap, string, card and natural objects can all be used in creating the collagraph plate.
Collagraphy is a very open and experimental printmaking method.
A process of printing a carborundum mix through a photographically created stencil on a silkscreen. The carborundum mix is printed through the mesh onto a matrix and printed in the intaglio method.
A wood engraving print is produced from a block of endgrain wood using engraving tools. It is a much finer and more delicate process than woodcut, enabling a wide variety of marks and textures.
A woodcut is a print produced from a block of sidegrain wood or manufactured board. The natural pattern of the grain is integrated with the patterns and textures made by the cutting process. Cuts are made by using gouges and sharp knives.
Lino has become a popular alternative to wood. It is easy to cut and the material is gouged out to produce a similar effect to woodcut. The techniques are very similar to woodcut but different in style and surface quality. In linocut, tools cut easily in all directions but with woodcut it is easier to cut along or with the grain.